Therapeutic exercises refer to a range of physical activities that help restore and build physical strength, endurance, flexibility, balance, and stability. The goal of therapeutic exercise is returning an injured person to a pain-free, fully functioning state. Therapeutic exercise is managed by a physical therapist (PT) or chiropractor.
A PT or chiropractor begins therapeutic exercise by taking a medical history and evaluating a patient’s physical condition and capabilities. Based on an initial assessment, the care provider will determine a treatment plan that includes an exercise program tailored to the patient’s needs. Therapeutic exercise programs are carefully monitored and emphasize slow progression. A provider may assist the patient with some physical movements, if warranted, and will continuously modify the treatment plan according to the patient’s progress.
The first goal of any therapeutic exercise plan is to reduce pain and inflammation. Next, the goal may shift to regaining range of motion, rebuilding muscle strength, and developing endurance.
Therapeutic exercise programs may include:
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